Knowledge Hub

Explore our repository of research outputs and information.

We aim to share and communicate our research, to benefit New Zealand and the international community. You can browse, filter by category or type, or search by keywords.

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Bringing Antarctica to the lab: a polar desert environmental chamber to study the response of Antarctic microbial communities to climate change

Authors: M.Monteira, A.Marshall, C.Lee, A.McDonald, C.Cary
Year Published: 2023
Document Type: Papers
Ownership: Polar Biology
Summary: A custom-designed Polar Desert Environmental Chamber to perform off-continent experimental ecological research - characterising arid edaphic bacterial communities collected from the McMurdo Dry Valleys.
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Soil environmental DNA metabarcoding in low-biomass regions requires protocol optimization: a case study in Antarctica

Authors: P.Olmedo-Rojas, G.Jeunen, M.Lamare, J.Turnbull, N.Gemmel, C.Fraser
Year Published: 2023
Document Type: Papers
Ownership: Antarctic Science
Summary: Optimized workflow for soil metabarcoding through a comparative study encompassing variation in sampling strategy, DNA extraction and library preparation.
Emperors and their chicks

Survival of emperor penguins depends on emissions reductions

Authors: Rowan Howard-Williams and Michelle LaRue
Year Published: 2022
Document Type: Cold Call Articles
Ownership: Antarctic Science Platform
Summary: Emperor penguins are an iconic Antarctic species, but their dependence on sea ice means they are expected to be impacted substantially by climate change.
Antarctic Sea Ice 02 Biological Importance

Antarctic Sea Ice #2: Biological Importance

Authors: Kyle Clem, Rob Massom, Sharon Stammerjohn and Phillip Reid
Year Published: 2022
Document Type: Reports
Ownership: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
Summary: Antarctic sea ice, in the form of immobile coastal “fast ice” and the more extensive moving pack ice supports one of the most extensive and productive ecosystems on Earth and is crucial to the structure and function of Southern Ocean marine ecosystems that are highly attuned to its presence and seasonal rhythms. This summary on SCAR's Antarctic Environments Portal is based on the best available science.
Sampling soils for microbiological analyses in Victoria Valley.

Case Study: Machine learning-assisted meta-analysis of biological research in Antarctica

Authors: Antarctic Science Platform
Year Published: 2022
Document Type: Case Studies, Science
Summary: To understand what Antarctic ecosystems may look like in a warming world, it’s critical to first comprehensively understand the current-day biodiversity and biogeography.
Colour our place kakariki green gallery 4

Highlights from ecosystems’ research 2021/22

Authors: Antarctic Science Platform
Year Published: 2022
Document Type: Update, Science
Summary: A team of researchers are working to better understand what the future may hold for Ross Sea ecosystems, both on land and at sea. These are some highlights from 2021/22.
Copy of Science Update 2

Choosing the future of Antarctica

Authors: S. R. Rintoul, S.L. Chown, R.M. DeCento, et all
Year Published: 2021
Document Type: Papers
Summary: We present two narratives on the future of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, from the perspective of an observer looking back from 2070. In the first scenario, greenhouse gas emissions remained unchecked, the climate continued to warm, and the policy response was ineffective; this had large ramifications in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, with worldwide impacts. In the second scenario, ambitious action was taken to limit greenhouse gas emissions and to establish policies that reduced anthropogenic pressure on the environment, slowing the rate of change in Antarctica.
Ice Ocean

Antarctic ecosystem in transition – life between stresses and opportunities

Authors: Julian Gutt, Enrique Isla, José C. Xavier et all
Year Published: 2021
Document Type: Papers
Summary: Important findings from the second decade of the 21st century on the impact of environmental change on biological pro-cesses in the Antarctic were synthesised by 26 international experts. Ten key messages emerged that have stakeholder-relevance and/or a high impact for the scientific community.