Authors: Kyle Clem, Rob Massom, Sharon Stammerjohn and Phillip Reid
Year Published: 2022
Ownership: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
Summary: Antarctic sea ice, in the form of immobile coastal “fast ice” and the more extensive moving pack ice supports one of the most extensive and productive ecosystems on Earth and is crucial to the structure and function of Southern Ocean marine ecosystems that are highly attuned to its presence and seasonal rhythms. This summary on SCAR's Antarctic Environments Portal is based on the best available science.